environmental certification

Green Seal of Approval: Harnessing the Power of Environmental Certification

An organization may decide to adopt, to integrate safety, quality and/or environmental criteria into its products or services, an approach allowing it, ultimately, to certify its products or services for sustainability. The certification of a product or service offered by an organization is proof that the product or service meets previously established specifications. The certification of a product or service results in the delivery of a label, which is a sign of identification of quality meeting a set of criteria defined in specifications and controlled by an independent third party organization and approved by the public authorities.

As official signs of recognition, we can cite ecolabels which attest to the environmental benefits of the products that carry them. Each country has its own procedures.

The NF Environnement mark certifies that the products on which it is affixed have a less negative impact on the environment, while guaranteeing a quality of fitness for use at least equivalent to that of other similar products on the market. It concerns both the product and its packaging. It is a voluntary brand, based on a multi-criteria ecological approach applying from the extraction of raw materials to the elimination of products after use. It applies to products intended for consumers as well as intermediate products. Pharmaceutical and agri-food products, services and the automotive sector are temporarily excluded from the scope.

Regarding the methods of evaluating the impacts of a product on the environment, the best known of which is life cycle analysis (study of the impacts of the acquisition of raw materials or the generation of natural resources to their elimination final product): ISO 14040 standards, ISO 14041 standards, ISO 14043 standards; the labels or certificates affixed to the product after such an evaluation:

  • ISO 14020: its objective is to present the principles to be applied for the development and use of an environmental marking or declaration
  • ISO 14021: it presents the vocabulary, assertion, symbol and graphic aspects linked to this type of declaration. It also provides a general evaluation and verification methodology
  • ISO 14024: it presents the recommendations for official ecolabels
  • ISO TR 14025: this ISO technical report presents the state of the art at the international level on type III labeling practices (quantified environmental information on the product life cycle, given by a supplier)

Do not confuse label and CE marking. The CE marking is not a mark of quality. It is a regulatory marking, mandatory for products covered by a European “New Approach” directive. It guarantees compliance with regulatory requirements in terms of safety and health and gives these products the right to circulate freely in America. The conditions for affixing the CE marking are defined in each directive and only involve the intervention of a third party for products presenting serious risks. As compliance with standards is not made compulsory under the “New Approach” directives, CE marking does not necessarily attest to compliance with European standards.

Quality management system

An organization that wishes to adopt a quality approach based on an existing framework generally turns to ISO 9000 standards because they are applicable to all sectors. There are other quality standards but they concern specific areas of activity and apply to control and testing laboratories, the pharmaceutical industry, hospitals, clinics, public assistance, etc.

The ISO 9000 standards were developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), a global federation of national standards bodies from some 140 countries whose mission is to promote trade in goods and services and to develop cooperation in the areas intellectual, scientific, technical and economic. These standards are presented in more detail below.

Quality management consists of coordinating the activities of a structure towards compliance with customer requirements and expectations. According to the approach defined by the ISO 9000 standards, it is first necessary to clearly identify these requirements and expectations and then define the objectives that the structure sets in terms of quality. The objectives are then deployed at the level of the structure’s various processes and monitored using quality indicators.

In order to embark on the path of continuous improvement, the structure monitors these quality indicators, analyzes the data, and carries out corrective and preventive actions. This approach is naturally accompanied by a formalization of processes (written procedures specifying what must be done) and a definition of organizational and technical interfaces (who does what).

Environmental management system

The certification of an environmental management system is based on two standards:

  • certain standards from the ISO 14000 series
  • the federal regulation

In both cases, the recommended environmental management system consists of the following steps:

  • first step: take stock of the situation and see what the impacts of an activity are on the environment, including regulatory compliance
  • second step: define a course of action with regard to this inventory (improvements to be made, means to be implemented)
  • third step: define the organizational, human, financial, legal and communication means that will make it possible to achieve these objectives
  • fourth and final step: set up a control and monitoring system, making it possible to avoid deviations or improve the system if there are changes in the organization or the activity carried out

The key to an environmental management system is to constantly ask yourself: is the state of the place always the same? Should we update it, adjust the policy and actions, revise the objectives? Environmental management is based on a logic of continuous improvement in order to constantly progress in achieving environmental performance.

junk on beaches

Land Pollution in the USA

In addition to polluting water, some of the same effluents also harm its land. The soil can become contaminated with toxic chemicals after mining, threatening sustainability.

The wind carries pesticides and fertilisers off agricultural fields. Plants, animals, and even people, in some cases, are at risk from their toxicity. Pesticides are absorbed by some fruits and vegetables, which aids in their growth. Pesticides are absorbed into the human body when people eat fruits and vegetables. Cancer and other maladies can be brought on by certain pesticides.

While DDT was once widely used to kill mosquitoes, the pesticide has since been phased out. Malaria, that kills a million population each year in many areas of the world, is spread by mosquitoes. An insecticide known as DDT received its Nobel Prize for discovery by French scientist Paul Hermann Muller. In places like Taiwan and Sri Lanka, DDT is credited with reducing malaria.

Rachel Carson, an American biologist, wrote Silent Spring in 1962, a book about the perils of DDT. In humans, she asserted, it could be a risk factor for cancer. As a result, the number of brown pelicans, white-tailed eagles, and bald eagles has decreased. DDT was outlawed in the United States in 1972. It was also banned in a number of other countries. But DDT didn’t completely vanish from the face of the Earth. DDT is still the most effective method of fighting malaria today, and many governments support its use.

Another type of environmental pollution is litter. Litter and abandoned vehicles and appliances pollute the environment all over the world. Plants and other food web producers struggle to produce nutrients when litter is present. If an animal eats plastic by accident, it runs the risk of death.

Oils, chemicals, as well as ink are common pollutants found in garbage. All of these pollutants can harm plants, wild creatures, and even people if they get into the groundwater.

Land pollution is exacerbated by inefficient garbage collection systems. Often, the trash is collected and taken to a landfill or dump. Landfills are where trash is buried for the long term. There are times when a community produces so much rubbish that their incinerators are overflowing with waste. As a result, they are at a loss for where to dump their waste.

In 2000, a pollution in the environment tragedy occurred at a massive landfill outside of Quezon City, Philippines. Tens of protesters lived on the outskirts of Quezon City on the pistes of the garbage dump. Recycling and reselling waste products was their main source of income. Due to a lack of security in the landfill, however, 218 people were killed in a trash landslide caused by heavy rains.

Occasionally, the land around a landfill is not completely sealed off. Landfill pollution seeps into the earth where it is buried. Herbivores that eat plants that have been contaminated may also become contaminated themselves. Predators that prey on herbivores feel the same way. Bioaccumulation is the term used to describe the process by which a chemical accumulates throughout the food chain.

Contaminants from landfills are also making their way into the local water supply. Toxic chemicals can accumulate in the aquatic food web, affecting all from microscopic algae to fish and predators like sharks and eagles.

Trash is piling up on the side of the road in some communities because they do not have any adequate garbage collection systems. Beaches in other parts of the world are littered with trash. Plastic bags as well as bottles wash up on Kamilo Beach in Hawaii, the United States. Toxic waste is a threat to marine life and a detriment to the local economy. Hawaii’s main source of income is tourism. Tourists avoid the area’s hotels, restaurants, as well as recreational activities because of its dirty beaches.

Some municipalities burn their garbage in order to dispose of it. There are some drawbacks to incinerating trash, including the release of heavy metal compounds into the atmosphere. Despite the fact that trash incinerators can reduce land pollution, they can also increase air pollution.